Brazilian researcher offers a alternative interpretation of Dostoevsky

The work of Dostoevsky and the dialectic: the fetishism of the way, utopia as content (Editora Hedra), a writer, a teacher and a researcher Flávio Ricardo Vassoler, come out with the momentum is very originality and controversy. Here is the assessment of Susan McReynolds, a specialist in the works of Fiodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881) the school of Russian literature from Northwestern University (USA) – the institution that Vassoler did his research and literary critic Manuel Pinto da Costa, who signs the boot.

During the interview, which prevent in fact, let’s look at why put Dostoyevsky in dialogue with the critic, the Russian Mikhail Bakhtin; the philosophers of the German Hegel, Karl Marx, Theodor Adorno (1903-1969); and educator of the French Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail now known Cardiff, encryption of spirituality, Vassoler says that “Dostoevsky is still becoming Dostoevsky”.

In the book, not only live a life of tradition on Dostoevsky, as it defines its scope. This recipe is related to work?

We can talk about the two basic moments of this tradition that was important to you my book as the work of development: considerations Mikhail Bakhtin, problems of poetics of Dostoevsky (1929), about the possibility of the writer having erected a new literary form, the novel is polyphonic integral” – the complex relationship between Christianity and socialism in the midst of the work of Dostoevsky.

Bakhtin, with integrity, intellectual property, and acknowledge that your book failed to prove himself in the community, as the novel stereoscopic full if is. Bakhtin understands dialogia – words and ideas and modulated by another – as the presence of characters dostoievskianas. Sounds to musical tunes. Entrevemos cash veiled the Soviet dictatorship, through which the voices of the social can not express dialogicamente by Time, place and inclusion. But Bakhtin is not checked under the sign of development. If you have the approximate dialogia and sounds of the dialectic, it was possible to understand how the ontology edges of the background and copyright of faith and atheism, compassion and nihilism, utopia, and dystopia is articulated in the middle of the action. In this sense, I am in my book, which is an unusual position in the middle of the wealth of the critical relationship of dialectical mobilization aporias and shortcomings that Bakhtin could not overcome, on what conceituo as the dialectic between the melodies. I propose therefore gathered on a project that is critical of Russian began in less than a century.

Talk about the relationship between Christianity and socialism in the work of Dostoevsky.

“If God does not exist everything is permitted”: a saying attributed to Ivan Karamázov makes us understand that Dostoevsky, the death of God and the absence of immortality would lead to a vacuum of ethics that inflate the selfish, more stubborn. Where atheists, Dostoyevsky may be read essence to power of chaos: murder in crime and punishment: resentment, memories of the ground; extortion, rape, suicide, and sexual abuse of children in the Demons; patricide in the brothers Karamázov. Without God’s (supposed) altruism socialism would reverse the injustice and barbarism once the rebels to power. Dostoevsky brought to the fore such ideas decades before the horror of Stalin. But, also take a look at of the opposite of spiritual in Dostoevsky, if God does not exist and everything is allowed of God came into existence. The movement of the story that have the ability to overcome nihilism based on the redemption of the concepts of social presence and mercy, Inc…. Catalyst utopian Earth, coming from Eden – it would make sense if this life is one step on the long, harmonious and eternal process of “healing the spirit”.

In this concept, the book is closer to Dostoevsky and Hegel, and now Cardiff last an unusual movement in the face of wealth is critical. What is the effect of them in the works of Dostoevsky?

The impact of the German idealism of Hegel about the intellectual, middle Russian is a quiet place among scientists. The contribution of the now Cardiff investigation of the spiritual author is the path of the wall and explored. Researcher Rudolf Neuhäuser, University of Klagenfurt, published an article in the Journal of Dostoievsky Studies (1993), claiming that Dostoevsky read in the book of spirits (1857), now Cardiff. The writer talks about spirituality, with mixed dostoievskiano of admiration and disgust in the Diary of a writer in the year 1876. But away from the direct contact of Dostoevsky with Kardec I tried to analyze, in a dialogue with the tale of the dream of a ridiculous man trading philosophy that makes Dostoevsky, Hegel, Kardec entrevejam feeling faithful to the story so that the (In)Finitude of life must reconcile their wounds debris under the sign of utopia – and immortality.

How do you expect the reception of the work?

I hope that my contributions can be tightened some readings decantadas – often ideological – to the assassination of the Russian writer and now there is also a nothingness, but the Apostle charges the Orthodox. If the shape in Dostoevsky has the ability to track (and resets) the process of objectification people are fetishization of the authority; if the content sounds dostoievskianas ” ( … ) the reason that history and become the norm, it may be the time to understand Bakhtin that “Dostoevsky didn’t Dostoevsky”.

*Kayo Sarack is a master in philosophy from the University of the South Pacific and professor of the Faculty of Siddhartha and Nossa Senhora do Morumbi

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